Scientific name: Kaempferia galanga.Name in different languages:- English: Aromatic ginger, Galangal, Galangal, Sand ginger. Dutch: Kentjoer. French: Galanga camphré, Faux galangal. German: Kleiner Galgant, Gewürzlilie. Indonesian: Kencur. Japanese: Ban-ukon, バンウコン Korean: Sannae 산내 , Lithuanian: Kvapusis imbierutis. Malay: Cekur. Polish: Kentior. Sanskrit: chandramulika, Bhucampaka, sugandhavacha. Hindi: chandramula चंदा॒मुला॒. Bengali: chandumula. Malayalam: Kacholam, Chengazhinirkizhangu.
Aromatic ginger belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and has the botanical name Kaempferia galanga. The rhizomes of Aromatic ginger are rich in alkaloids and carbohydrates. Also the rhizomes contain methoxycinnamic acid and its esters. The oils extracted from the rhizomes are used as fragrant oils as well as medicine and condiments. The tubers and leaves of Aromatic ginger is used to give fragrance in herbal powders and beauty products. The Aromatic ginger has two varieties: Kasthuri and Rajani. While Kasthuri is used in beauty products, Rajani is used in medicines. It is a good medicine for a number of diseases from piles, cough, vomiting, rheumatism, asthma, diseases relating to the head, nasal diseases, skin diseases etc. The medicinal oil made from it is used for nasya to cure phlegm and related diseases. Chewing it with betel leaf and taking in the juice can cure cough.
Aromatic ginger is cultivated in soil with good organic content. Disease free rhizomes are used for propagation, which can be either cut or planted as a whole. The ideal time for cultivation is the time just before monsoon. Smoking or wrapping in cow dung or covering in pits, help for better sprouting in Aromatic ginger. The ground used for cultivating is mixed with cattle manure and ploughed thoroughly. Ridges are made and in these ridges, rhizomes are planted 5 cm deep into the soil. The sprouts should always be pointed upwards while planting. Covering the ridges with neem leaves helps to prevent mites and during rainy season, spraying 15 Bordeaux mixture helps to prevent rot. Harvesting starts from 7 months and when the leaves and stem fully dry off, Aromatic ginger is fully ready for harvesting. The rhizomes are taken out carefully and kept in sunlight for 3 days before using for medicines.