Scientific name: Tinospora cordifolia. Name in different languages:- English: Heart leaved moonseed, Tinospora, Moon creeper. Sanskrit: Vatsahani, Guluchi, Guduchi, amrita. Hindi: Giloy, Giloe, Gulancha, Gulbel, Gulancha. Marathi: Gulvel, Guduchi, Amritavalli. Assamese: Hoguni-lot. Bengali: Gulancha. Oriya: Gulochi, gulancha. Urdu: Guluncha. Telugu: Tippatige. Tamil: Amirtavalli. Kannada: Amrutaballi, Agniballi. Malayalam: Chittamrithu, Chittamruthu, Chittamrith, Amrthu, Amrutavalli, Amritavalli, Siddamirth.
Chittamrithu (Chittamruthu) is the medicinal herb, which has the botanical name Tinospora cordifolia, and the vines are used for medicinal purposes. Chittamrithu (Chittamruthu) is used for treating rheumatism, kidney disorders, jaundice and diabetes. It grows as creepers clinging on to the trees. The tender stem contains juice, which contains chemicals with medicinal properties. The stems have a greyish color, while the leaves are heart shaped. Leaves of it and other medicines are used to treat certain wounds. Karuka grass, sesame seeds, Ink nut etc. are wrapped in chittamrithu (Chittamruthu) and cooked in milk and ground to a paste and applied on the wound, which helps to heal the same. Kattamrithu is a plant often mistaken with chittamrithu (Chittamruthu). The leaves of kattamrithu are bigger and have hairs on the bottom of the leaf, which distinguishes itself from it. Care should be taken while buying it from shops as there are chances of fungal attack when wrapped along with other medicines and this may lead to gastric disorders. So it would be ideal to grow it at home itself.
If we feel excessive heat and discomfort in the body, the roots of chittamrithu (Chittamruthu) are mashed and put in water kept in an earthern pot and shaken and the residue we get can be consumed for good relief. When the kidneys not function properly, the toxins in the body cannot be expelled and this leads to inflammation under the eye etc. The juice of it is a cure for this situation. For curing jaundice and skin diseases, the juice of its vines mixed with honey is an excellent cure. The juice of it and gooseberry juice in equal quantity is mixed with powdered turmeric. This mixture, if taken 10 ml daily in empty stomach ie. early morning will control diabetes. Chittamrithu (Chittamruthu) also cures rheumatism as well as anaemia. Since this plant can cure a lot of ailments , it is considered divine .