Scientific name: Syzygium aromaticum. Name in different languages:- English: Clove tree, Clove, Cloves. Burmese: Ley nyim bwint. Dutch: Kruidnagel. kruidnagelboom. French: Clou de girofle. German: Gewürznelkenbaum, Gewürznelke. Indonesian: Cengkeh, Céngké. Italian: Chiodo di garofano. Japanese: Choji. Korean: Chonhyang-namu, Kullobu, 정향. Malay: Bunga cengkeh. Norwegian: Nellik. Portuguese: Craveiro-da-índia, Cravinho, Cravo-da-índia. Polish: Goździki, Goździków korzenny. Romanian: Cuișoare. Sinhalese: Karabu nati. Spanish: Clavo de olor, Clavo. Swedish: Kryddnejlikor, kryddnejlika. Sanskrit: Shriisanjnan, Lavanga. Hindi: Laung, Lavang. Assamese: Laung. Bengali: Labango, Lavanga. Gujarati: Lavang. Marathi: Lavang. Oriya: Labanga. Telugu: లవంగాలు. Tamil: Graambu, Karambu, karāmpu, Krambu. Kannada: Krambu, Lavanga. Malayalam: Krambu, Grampoo.
Clove (Grampoo) is a spice used widely and all parts of the clove plant are sweet smelling. Clove tree (Grampoo) is a shrub with lots of branches. The leaves have a smooth oily touch. It belongs to the family Myrtaceae and the botanical name is Syzygium aromaticum.
The seeds of cloves are used for propagation. The fruit have egg shaped seeds inside them. The buds are harvested and used as spice and medicine. The buds of it are found in bunches. When the stem of the bud turns pink, it is time to harvest it. The buds contains volatile oils and also chemical components like eugenol, linoleic acid etc. It contains carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorous, iodine, iron etc. Cloves have the ability to destroy germs that causes cholera and gum diseases. Cloves also stimulates the digestive system and respiratory system.
Powdered cloves mixed with honey is an excellent remedy for fever, cough, phlegm etc. For breathing problems, clove oil can be applied on chest and neck and also the vapours of clove oil can be inhaled as a cure. It is an ingredient in medicines used to destroy viruses, bacteria, fungi etc. Also it is used as a condiment that spices up many dishes. This tree has to be an essential part of every house hold.