Scientific name: Punica granatum. Name in different languages:- English: Dadima, Pomegranate, Dwarf Pomegranate, Grenadier, Granado. Arabic: Rumman, رُمَّان , رمان . Dutch: Granaatappel. French: Grenadier commun. German: Granatapfel. Georgian: ბროწეული, Broceuli. Hungarian: Gránátalma. Italian: Melograno. Icelandic: Granatepli. Japanese: 石榴, ザクロ, ざくろ. Korean: skryunann, 석류. Kazakh: Анар ағашы, Anar. Maltese: Rummiena. Portuguese: Romã, Romãzeira. Polish: Granatowiec właściwy, Granat. Romanian: Rodie. Slovak: Granátové jablko, Granátové semená, Granátovník púnsky. Spanish: Granado, Punica granatum. Swedish. Granatäpple. Thai: ทับทิม. Turkish: Rumman, Nar. Ukrainian: Ґранат. Sanskrit: Darimba. Hindi: Anar, अनार. Bengali: Dalim. Gujarati: Dadam. Marathi: anārdānā, Dalimb, डाळींब. Oriya: Dalimb. Telugu: Dadima pandu. Kannada: Dalimbe, ದಾಳಿಂಬೆ. Tamil: Madulai, மாதுளை. Malayalam: Matalam.
Punica granatum (Pomegranate) can be cultivated in any type of soil, where there is ample sunlight. Even though it can withstand summer, this plant prefer a moist soil. Punica granatum (Pomegranate) can be cultivated in high range areas also. The propagation of it is through seeds. The seeds are selected from high yielding plants and are sown in polythene covers filled with soil mixture and the saplings are replanted when they attain 6 leaf growth. In sandy and laterite soil, pits are dug half a meter deep and filled with animal manure and top soil. The top portion is heaped 20 cm high and levelled and saplings are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other. Depending on the climate and moisture of soil, water is provided and also support is given to the plants if needed. When the plant attains height of 1 meter, it has to be pruned so that the branches grow fast.
In the first 2 years, channels are made 1 meter from the base of the plant and a mix vermiform compost (5 kg) with the top soil. The plants that grow from germinating seeds, starts bearing fruits from the 6th year of planting. The fruits mature in 6 months time and can be noticed by the colour. The grafted variety of punica granatum (Pomegranate) starts bearing fruits in the second year of planting itself.