Scientific name: Haldina cordifolia. Name in different languages:- English: Haldu, Yellow teak. Sanskrit: Girikadamba गिरिकदम्ब. Hindi: Haldu, Kadami कदमी. Marathi: Haldu हळ्दू. Assamese: Tarakchapa. Oriya: Holondo. Telugu: Pasupu-kadamba. Tamil: Manjakadambai, Mannakatampu, Poonthekku. Kannada: Yettega. Malayalam: Katamba, Malamkadambu, Manja Kadambe, Manjakadambu, Barakuram.
Manjakadambu is also known as Haldu and has the binomial name Haldina cordifolia, belonging to the family Rubiaceae. The name Manjakadambu is got due to the yellow color of the tree trunk. Haldina cordifolia (Manjakadambu) is found in deciduous forests. The flowers of it also are yellow in color and they bloom in the month of May. The fruits mature by the month of December and the seeds are very small in size. Usually it propagates on its own. Propagation of this tree can be done using the mature fruit and seeds.
First the place for sowing seeds of Haldina cordifolia (Manjakadambu) are cordoned off using twigs at a width of 1 meter. The seeds are sown inside these areas and watering is done as per need. The seeds sprout within 10 days. Add dried cow dung and again water as per need. The growth period of it is between 2 months and 1 year. The saplings are ready for replanting at 7 months. The plants are replanted in pits half a meter deep filled with a mixture of top soil and dried cow dung (4 kg) and watering should be done regularly till the root sets in soil.
The bark and flowers are the medically significant parts of Haldina cordifolia (Manjakadambu) tree. The bark contains strong chemicals like tannin, which can cure diseases relating to biliousness or phlegm. Also this can be used for improving muscular strength, rejuvenate the body, improve skin tone etc. the decoction made from the bark is used to cure fever and skin disorders. The flowers of Haldina cordifolia (Manjakadambu) are dried and powdered along with black pepper to make a choornam which is used to do nasya with the instruction from an ayurvedic physican to cure head ache and also a condition where there is a black viscous discharge from the nose.