Scientific name: Pseudathria viscida. Name in different languages:- Sanskrit: Salaparni, Sanaparni. Hindi: चपकनो Chapakno. Telugu: Nayakuponna, Muyyakuponna.Tamil: நீர்மல்லி Nirmalli. Malayalam: മൂവിലാ Muvvila, Moovila.
Pseudathria viscida (Moovila) is a medicinal herb highly in demand. It belongs to the family Fabaceae. Pseudathria viscida is found as a leguminous plant sometimes or as a shrub in other cases. The leaves of Pseudathria viscida are similar to that of grape leaves and the flowers are rose colored and fruits are brown. The fruits are 2 cm long with 4 to 6 seeds inside. The roots of it are used for medicinal preparations like ‘Dasamoolarishtam’ and other arishtams in Ayurveda.
To heal the broken bones, the roots of Pseudathria viscida made into a paste is mixed with soup made from goat (the leg portion, backbone and liver of goat is used) and consumed. The decoction made from Pseudathria viscida and Orila is given to patients with cardiac illness to strengthen cardiac muscles. The decoction made from it (paalkashayam) is good to cure a kind of arthritis.
Pseudathria viscida is grown mainly in laterite soil and can be cultivated in homes as inter-crop also. The propagation in it is done by seeds. The mature fruits are plucked and dried in sun for a week. The seeds are then separated and dried in shade for one day. Since the seeds are small, they have to sown 2 cm deep in the soil. The seeds can also be sown in polythene covers or pots. Since this plant grows in abundance, space should be considered while cultivating Moovila at home. Cow dung should be mixed with the soil where the saplings are planted. Since Pseudathria viscida is a leguminous plant, It absorbs nitrogen and stores in soil. After an year and half, the plant can be harvested for medicinal use. In three years, the plants can be up rooted and roots can be collected to make medicines