Scientific name: Sesbania grandiflora. Name in different languages:- English: Vegetable hummingbird, Agati, Agati a Grandes Fleurs, Brede Malabar, Picashia. French: Colibri vegetal. Sanskrit: Drigapalaka, Agasti, Agate. Hindi: agasti (plant), Gujarati: Agathio. Bengali: Agati (tree), Bak (tree). Marathi: Shevari. Urdu: Agast. Kannada: Agasi. Telugu: Avisechettu. Tamil: Akatti. Malayalam: Akatti.
Since Sesbania grandiflora (Agati) is rich with nutrients as well as medicinal properties, it is advised to grow Sesbania grandiflora (Agati) in every house hold. Since Agati is a tropical plant, it has the ability to withstand hot climate. Sesbania grandiflora (Agati) can be grown in any type of soil and when cultivated as a vegetable, the plants with white flowers are cultivated. The seeds of Sesbania grandiflora (Agati) grow up to 50 cm and are grey in color. The fruits fall off when they dry and the collected seeds are soaked overnight, by wrapped in in a cloth and dipping in water and the germinated seeds are used for sowing.
The land is thoroughly ploughed and platforms are made 20 cm high and 1 meter wide. Dried cow dung is added as manure at the ratio of 2kg per 1 square meter. The seeds are sown 2 cm deep and within a week the saplings are sprouted. When the sapling attains 5 leaf stage, it is ready for replanting. Pits are made 50 cm deep and filled with dried and powdered cow dung mixed with top soil and the soil is heaped 20 cm above this and the saplings are planted with the root and mud intact. Water as well as support should be provided. Also weeds should be plucked off and soil should be loosened regularly. The distance between each sapling should be 4 meters apart and the place selected for farming should get at least 7 hours of sun light daily. Once the plant grows no extra care is necessary. Agati plants need enough water and sunlight.
After 1 year, depending on the growth of the plant, slowly the tender leaves are plucked. For plants that are regularly harvested, bone meal, dried cow dung, ash etc. are provided by mixing with soil. The agati plant are vulnerable to attack from worms that eat away the leaves. Tobacco decoction, Panikorkka mixed with turmeric powder etc. are sprayed. The worms should also be picked and removed.