Scientific name: Vetiveria zizanioides. Name in different languages:- English: cuscus grass, Khuskhus Vetiver. French: Polypogon vrai, Polypogon vert. Spanish: Vetiveria zizanioides, zacate violeta. Swedish: vetiveriagräs. Hindi: Khas-khas खस खस. Saskrit: Useera, Sevya, Veerana, Veera, Ranapriya, Samagandhika. Malayalam: Ramacham.
Vetiver (Ramacham) is a popular medicinal herb which has a fragrance that attracts all. The khas-khas oil separated from Vetiver (Ramacham) is very famous and is used as perfume also. The fragrant roots of it are used to make fans, mats etc. Smoking it can control pollution at homes and make the surroundings fragrant.
Vetiver (Ramacham) can be cultivated in all soil types especially in tropics. ODV-3 is the high yielding variety in it, which produces up to 5 tonnes of root from a hectare, enough to make 30 litres of oil. The saplings that sprout from the mother plant is used for propagation. The saplings are planted during rainy season. The place for cultivation is ploughed thoroughly and then the saplings are planted on the ridges made. Organic manure is added while making ridges for planting. To produce more roots, along with organic manure, potassium phosphate is also added. The harvesting time is 18 months from planting. The roots are washed thoroughly in water and then cut in to small pieces . Cultivation of Vetiver (Ramacham) can bring a good income to the farmer.